Emergency Medicine Service

Emergency Medicine Service (Kanali st. 10) is a structural unit in Pärnu Hospital that provides:

  • accident and emergency medical help before arriving in hospital,
  • provides accident and emergency medical help in hospital,
  • receives scheduled patients, and transports patients to other treatment and medical facilities.

The hospital's accident and emergency medicine service consists of two departments:

  • emergency department (ED)
  • ambulance department

Total of 134 people work at the emergency medical care department out of which 16 are doctors, 74 nurses, 39 drivers-paramedics, the staff also includes 2 cleaners and a janitor. We have 8 doctors with emergency medicine speciality, 3 anaesthesiologists, 2 doctors with a family physician/internal diseases speciality, and 3 general practitioners. 47 nurses have emergency medicine speciality.

The work in emergency department is specific and demands passing a prior training and taking responsibility as a crew leader particularly for people with a nursing speciality.


Emergency medicine department (Ristiku str. 1) provides emergency medical help of internal, trauma, surgery, gynaecology nature for adults and children 24/7. In addition to permanent residents, the hospital also services people from other counties, tourists, visitors of medical spas and rest homes, including foreigners. Emergency medicine department is divided into two:

  • division of trauma patients
  • division of internal diseases and surgery patients.

The department has 9 beds and 5 additional beds; 2 doctors, 3 nurses, and 2 caregivers provide assistance 24/7. If necessary, consulting doctors on duty both in and out of the hospital are called in.

Patients turn to emergency admission:

  • with an ambulance
  • with the physicians or specialised doctor's referral (cito!)
  • independently,
  • they are directed there from another hospital or department.

Patients condition is of course priority for every person in need of assistance, but as there are many patients during the day and delay can be life threatening to people in serious conditions, priority is given to patients in a severe condition who mostly arrive in an ambulance. Because of that the department implements triage - sorting patients in categories according to the severity of their condition - the aim of which is to ensure the quickest help to patients in a life threatening condition. The following colours are used for triaging:

Red – the patient’s condition is life threatening, the patient must be immediately examined, disease diagnosed and treated

Yellow – the patient’s condition requires quick help but the condition is not life threatening at the moment

Green – patient’s life is not in danger. Complaint or health issue appeared days, weeks or even months ago. This category includes patients with a localised trauma if their general condition is satisfactory.


Ambulance department (on the picture) is located in Kanali St. 10. The building that houses the emergency department is architecturally interesting. The building was constructed in the 1930s. It has been a private villa, housing for both German and Russian army, it has served as a kindergarten and a house for young technicians. Emergency department moved into the building on 16 May 1984. Medical personnel can be satisfied with good working, learning and emergency medicine rooms. Its location in the city centre ensures quick help to patients.

The emergency department provides emergency medicine in Pärnu City, Pärnu County from Läänemaa to Latvian border, and Rapla County in Kohila and its vicinity. People who have turned to bases receive help as well. The emergency base on Kanali Street has 3 alternate cars with accessories according to requirements, and one additional car in Kohila base.

The servicing area of the emergency department is extremely asymmetric along the shore, which extends the radius of the area up to 80 km in places. Calls are taken and forwarded to ambulance crews by the Western Estonian Rescue Service and Northern Estonian Rescue Service via radio (112). There are a total of 8 ambulance crews, one of which is a doctor crew (in Pärnu), and 7 nurse crews (Vändra, Kilingi-Nõmme, Pärnu-Jaagupi, Lihula, and 3 in Pärnu City). The emergency department consists of 6 bases: Pärnu emergency base (1 doctor crew, 3 nurse crews), Pärnu-Jaagupi emergency base (1 nurse crew).

How often do you visit a doctor?

Once a year
Two times in a year


SA Pärnu Hospital
General information (+372) 4473 101
Registration desk (+372) 4473 300
Admission of emergency patients (+372) 4473 393
Emergency 112